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Village Skills Development Program (VSDP)
The Village Skills Development Program (VSDP) was initiated in the year 1984 under the Royal command of His Majesty the King. The program was designed to provide manual skills to rural people with an objective to improve their livelihood. The separate training institute was established in Gelephu to provide training for villagers. This institute, however, functioned only for 4 years during which time 656 villagers were trained in vocational skills. In 1988, the training institute and the program were closed since it was not able to meet function well due to the travel distance & transportation. However later, the Royal Government realized the urgent need to re-introduce the village skills development program and this instigated the National Technical Training Authority (NTTA) to include the VSDP and Special Skills Development Program (SSDP) as one of its program activities. The National Technical Training Authority has implemented the Village Skills Development Program on a pilot basic from 1997 to 1999 during which a total of 461 villagers were trained in 29 training workshops. The training was conducted on masonry, house wiring, construction carpentry, furniture making, cane weaving, handloom weaving. The feedback on the pilot activity from the villagers was found to be encouraging and promising. As a result an expansion of the program in scope and contents was recommendable and felt necessary. Placing high priority on skill development of the villagers, the Department of Technical Education is exploring every possible means to make this program a success. In order to come up with significant impact of the training program, DTE has started involving Dzongkhags/Gewogs and other relevant organizations in the planning and preparatory phase of the program and trained 2651 villagers, 175 gewogs, 20 Dzongkhags as of 2018.
Special Skills Development Program (SSDP)
The SSDP was initiated under the Royal command in 1996. The program was geared towards skilling of armed forces in vocational skills so that they are in position to generate income upon retirement from their service. The program later expanded to other special groups, such as people with disability, juvenile, delinquents, monks/nuns, prisoners, and disbanded gang members. While the focus in the 9th FYP was on juvenile and delinquents with support provided to Draktsho Vocational Institute (under administration of Youth Development Fund), the focus shifted to training of monks, nuns and spouses of armed force in the 10th& 11th FYP. This program coordinates training and works in tandem with the respective organization identified for these target groups, wherein support in terms of trainers and necessary tools and equipment are provided by MoLHR. Some example of identifies organization are the Dratshang Lhentshog, the Royal Bhutan Police, Draktsho, Wangsel Deaf School, RENEW and the Royal Bhutan Army.DHR has started involving civil organization like Dratshang Gomdays, Nunneries, Hope project, disabilities institutes and other relevant organizations in the planning and preparatory phase of the program and trained 2538 trainees as of 2018.
- To increase the quality of life in the rural community;
- To provide skills for income generation activities;
- To enhance community participation in education and development activity;
- To promote lifelong learning and sustainable development in the rural community;
- To create greater independence of the community by enabling them to carryout construction and repair and maintenance of community property;
- To build capabilities of the villagers and reduce dependency on skilled expatiate workers;
- Revive and preserve traditional arts and crafts of the community and
- To discourage rural- urban migration.
The VSDP is essentially targeted towards groups who have missed formal schooling and training opportunity throughout their lives, such as:
- School dropouts/lever
- NFE learners
- Villagers (adult men and women who can read and write)
Objectives of SSDP
- Reviving and preserving traditional arts and crafts and create centre of traditional
- Generating income for the specified traget groups
- Creating greater independence by enabling them to carryout any related work by themselves
- Enhancing and encouraging equal opportunities in training and overall development activities of the country, and
- To enable those leaving the institutes to earn their livelihood.
- To create awareness and promote vocational skills to both non disabled and disability persons.
- To provide self-confidence and ability through appropriate vocational skills
- Every Bhutanese will have access to quality, Vocational Skill Training, enabling them to embark on and remain in gainful economic activity.
- To support disabled children and youth in preparing them to lead independent, confident and happy lives by providing them with vocational training opportunities
- Armed force personnel including spouses
- Monks & Nuns
- Area of Training will focuses on Construction, Zorig Chusum (traditional arts & crafts) Trades and others special occupation in coordination with other agencies.