In keeping with the pledge of providing full employment, the Royal Government developed many strategies and programs to engage youth meaningfully. In the course of implementing the programs, emphasis has been on engaging youth to encourage them to be productive instead of doling out unemployment benefits that tended to promote idleness and discourage working.
Among the many initiatives, the Direct Employment Scheme (DES) under Guaranteed Employment Program (GEP) is one of the flagship programs specifically designed to engage unemployed jobseekers of classes ten and above who are willing to take up employment and stay engaged. The objectives of the Direct Employment scheme are as follows:
- Support guaranteed employment to youth through various modes of engagement and training programs for a maximum period of one year;
- Provide skill training in those areas/sectors that are in high demand in the labour market;
- Create a pool of skilled and semi-skilled human resources in the country;
- Promote and inculcate dignity of labour; and
- Address shortage of human resources in the country.
The DES in general focuses in the broad economic sectors and areas of engagement given in the table below. However, the Cabinet Sub-Committee/Ministry may from time to time also approve other areas of engagement based on the dynamics of labour market, needs of times and effectiveness of programs in consultation with partner agencies.
|Sl. No||Areas of engagement by sector|
|4||Tourism and Hospitality|
|7||Education and Training|
|9||Arts and Crafts|
|10||Retail and Sales|
|14||Media and Entertainment|
Funding Modality & Allowance
Funding support to Participants will be based on the nature of occupation and level of qualification of Participants under the Direct Employment Scheme as follows:
- Cost sharing:
(i) Participating private firms and privates companies and MoLHR will share the cost as provided in the monthly allowance table;
(ii) Cost sharing can be also be between MoLHR and participating youth s where one of the cost tuition and stipend are shared by MoLHR and candidates while the Training Institution guaranteeing employment after the training is over. This will promote ownership and sustainability of programs.
- Fully funded participants:
For those employed by SoEs, DHI companies and other corporations, MoLHR support will cover monthly allowance as given in the allowance table below ranging from six months to a maximum of two years. The participating companies may pay additional incentive from their side depending on the viability and profitability of the companies. The Companies shall absorb candidates into their regular service after end of the MoLHR support.
- For candidates employed by Government (post approved by RCSC), and non- profit organizations, MOLHR will support monthly allowance for a period of two years. Employment in Government agencies are not guaranteed but Non-profit Organization shall be obliged to regularize the service.
The Payment of MoLHR`s portion of monthly allowance in the case of participants under (a) will be directly deposited into the individual’s saving account by the AFD, MoLHR for the specified duration upon signing the employment agreement. The employer shall ensure the payment of their portion of the monthly allowance to the Participants of DES within the first week of every month.
For those under (b) and (c) one year allowance will be transferred to the participating Company/Agency’s account upon recruitment of the candidate/s. An MOU shall be signed between MoLHR and participating company/agency. For those under training a separate MoU shall be drawn with the institute.
Monthly allowance for different levels of qualifications:
|Sl. No.||Participants -by qualification||Cost-Sharing with Private firms||Fully funded monthly allowance paid by MoLHR for(i) SoE’s and Corporations from 6 Months to 2 years max (ii) for 2 years for Govt and Non-profit Organizations|
|Monthly allowance by MoLHR for one year (Nu.)||Minimum monthly allowance by Partner Agency (Nu.)||Minimum monthly allowance (Nu.)|
|1||University graduate/nurses and Bed/Engineers||7500||3750||11250||
|2||Class XII pass||5250||3750||9000||12000|
|3||Class X pass and XI||3750||3750||7500||9500|
|4||IZC’s/TTI Graduates and Diploma||5250||3750||9000||
The implementation of DES will follow employment based approach. The DES shall be implemented in collaboration with Potential Employers as defined under Sl. No.III (a),(b) and (c) for a period of two years.
Upon fulfilling the eligibility, where requirements under for more than three, applicants will be short-listed at the following ratio:
- 1:10- if the slots/vacancies are less than 10
- 1:5- if the slot/vacancies are more than 10
- the DES unit can refer the jobseekers, if there are no/one candidates applied or based on the needs of the partner agencies.
DES will be implemented according to the Guideline and Employment Agreement. However, all activities in general shall agree to:
- Facilitate the recruitment, selection and appointment through the Job Portal system of MoLHR;
- Provide funding support as agreed in the guideline or agreement;
- Visit the partner agencies and participants atleast once in every six months to monitor and review the progress;
- Counsel the participants in case of dereliction of duty by them;
- Take necessary course of action to any partner agency and Participant if found not adhering to the terms and conditions of the Employment Agreement as given in Annexure-I.
- The Head of Department/Agency/Ministry shall use its discretion to impose/waive of the penalties
- Roles and Responsibilities of Employer:
- The Employer shall have the right to select, recruit and employ the Participant from the list of short listed candidates provided by the Direct Employment Scheme Unit DES, DoE, MoLHR from the E-Registration System for Guaranteed Employment Program, short-listing shall be waived where vacancy is for one or two post only.
- Employer shall not recruit his/her immediate family under the GEP scheme.
- Upon the recruitment and selection, the Employer shall train the Participant based on the requirement of the Employer as per the requisition submitted to the DES, ESD, DoE/Regional Employment and Labour office, MoLHR;
- The Participant shall work under a competent supervisor appointed by the Employer;
- To provide on-the-job training to Participant and ensure quality through assessment and certification of the program;
- The Employer must pay the Participant as indicated in the requisition submitted by first week of the following month;
- The Employer shall compensate the Participant for any injuries including accidents and death in accordance to the Labour and Employment Act of Bhutan, 2007;
- The Participant shall be allowed to avail benefits and other entitlement as per the Internal Service Rules of the Organization of the employer;
- The Employer shall submit a job description of the Participant and a copy of such document shall be submitted to the DES, DoE, MoLHR/respective Regional Employment and Labour Office at the time of recruitment;
- In the absence of Internal Service Rules, the Employer shall provide such benefits in accordance to the Labour and Employment Act of Bhutan, 2007 and its Regulations;
- The Employer shall maintain the monthly attendance sheet of Participant duly signed by the supervisor and should produce as and when required by MoLHR and other relevant agencies;
- The Employer shall submit the performance evaluation of the Participant on quarterly basis to the DES, MoLHR /respective Regional Employment and Labour Office, in case if the employer fail to submit the performance Evaluation report the Unit shall withhold allowance Disbursement
- In case the Participant separates from the employer, the employer shall immediately notify the concerned officer through call or email; and submit the official written letter within 6 working days
- Submit requisition for Human Resource under DES with following details:
- Position with qualification;
- Number of vacancies;
- Nature of work indicating the person to be on contact with MoLHR, and
- Guarantee permanent employment after the agreed duration of attachment.
- Ensure to pay the salary upon completion of the attachment period, which should not be less than the total amount paid by MoLHR and the partner agencies during attachment period or as per the prevailing wage rate in the labour market for the particular occupation or whichever is higher;
- Provide adequate support to the Participants as required by the nature of occupations and work; and
- At no point of time during the attachment should the DES Participants be misused and exploited by the partner agencies.
- Submit the service regularization letter to the ministry after the completion of one year attachment period (Support term from Ministry) and shall be laible for inspection by Department of Labour as per the Labour and Employment Act, 2007
- Contract of Employment can be terminated as per Section 92 of Labour and Employment Act, 2007
- If the Employer contravenes any provisions of the agreement except in accordance with the procedures laid down by the MoLHR, the Employer shall be deprived from any future support and Services from Guaranteed Employment Program.
- The Roles and Rights of Participant:
- The Participant shall work as per the job description provided during his/her recruitment and selection;
- The Participant shall respect and honor the Internal Service Rules of the employing agency;
- The MoLHR shall disburse such amount as per the existing government procedure;
- DES Participants are subjected to all rules and regulations governing the Partner Agency with whom they have been attached. However, if such rules and regulations come in conflict with those of the Direct Employment Scheme, the terms and condition of the DES shall take precedence over those of the Partner Agencies.
- Signing of Employment Agreement:-The DES Participants should sign an employment agreement at the time of initial appointment;
- Transportation: The participants are required to arrange their own transportation from the MoLHR to the place of posting. However, the partner agencies may need to arrange transportation for official duty and during the emergencies;
- Accommodation: Individual DES Participants shall be solely responsible for arranging their own accommodation. However, the partner agencies should assist/support them if the location/work site is in remote where there are no residential houses;
- Discontinuation: If the Participants discontinue the program on medical ground, he/she should produce medical certificate dully certified by competent medical practitioner in Bhutan. Rest will be dealt as per the terms and conditions of the employment agreement; and
- Absenteeism: DES Participants who are absent from work/duties without approval of their Supervisors/Heads of the partner Agency shall be dealt as per the internal service rule of the respective Agency. However, the partner Agency shall report immediately to the nearest MoLHR`s Office for necessary action/ the Dealing officer shall deduct the payment on pro-rata basis ( allowance/ no of days in a month)
- Liabilities of the Participant
- If the Participant contravenes any provisions of the agreement except in accordance with the procedures laid down by the MoLHR, the participant shall be not entitled for any opportunities from Ministry of Labour and Human Resources and shall be considered employed
The participants of DES should:
- Be a registered job seeker and must fulfill minimum criteria set as per the requirement of the areas and occupations of engagement program;
- Be medically fit and mentally sound;
- Be ready, willing and available to take up any form of employment;
- Be at least 18 years of age at the time of recruitment with a minimum qualification of Class X;
- Not be in full-time education/training;
- Be agreeing to the terms and conditions laid down by the MoLHR or in employment agreement; and
- Receive preference if found chronic job seekers in the Job Portal system of MoLHR
The Policy and Planning Division, MoLHR shall be the main coordinating body for the DES under GEP.
Procedures for the Recruitment, Selection and Placement of DES Participants
The implementation of DES will generally comprise of the following procedures:
Announcement will be made from time to time depending on the requirement from the partner agencies. The announcement will contain information on available vacancies by sectors, location and qualification.
Validation and Screening of DES Participants
The focal person of the DES shall validate employment status of job seekers from the online job portal data-base as per the eligibility criteria. The preference shall be given to the chronic job seekers who are not able to find jobs for more than six months. Once job seekers are attached under DES, the employment status of the particular DES Participants will be updated as employed in DES system and will be de-registered from the job portal.
Job seekers will be attached or placed with various partner agencies depending on the requirement considering the qualification and subject requirement. The placement in areas other than Thimphu shall be done preferably in their respective Dzongkhags in the 1st week of every month by RDs of MoLHR.
The focal officer of the DES shall issue an appointment order mentioning clear information on the place of posting, name of the partner agency and effective date with the copy to the partner agencies and respective Regional Employment and Labour Office.
Monitoring and Supervision
DES Participants shall be kept under the general supervision of the partner agencies and direct supervision of a qualified skilled supervisor, appointed by the management. The Participant shall be monitored and assessed regularly during the attachment period by the supervisor and the MoLHR/Regional Employment and Labour Office to determine progress of the Participant. The MoLHR shall carry out monitoring visits from time to time but not less than once in six month during the attachment period and once regularized they shall be governed by Labour and Employment Act, 2007.
- Role of the DES Implementing Officer
In-order to ensure effective implementation of DES, DoE, MoLHR /Regional Employment and Labour Office shall carry out the following monitoring activities:
- Prepare monitoring and supervision plan and carry out the monitoring with or without prior information to Partner Agencies;
- Carry out physical verification and check relevancy aspect of the attachment with reference to the appointment order ensuring that the trade/occupation specified in the appointment order is not altered;
- Submit monitoring and supervision report to the Director, Department of Employment within a week of monitoring visit for follow up action;
- Conduct wrap up meeting with partner Agencies and provide feedback for further improvement;
- The monitoring Officer will be fully responsible for reporting on issues and concerns related to DES to the Department of Employment for appropriate action during the attachment period.
- The monitoring shall be carried out at least twice a year.